WWII color photographs


Many of us are familiar with images of WWII in black and white.

LIFE magazine photographer Frank Scherschel was in Western Europe before, during and after the invasion in Normandy. The shots he took have now been restored in color and offer a glimpse into life during this critical period in world history.

We have compiled these images for your use in a PDF document.

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Fear of weapons: 1913


Prior to WWI, American military scientists projected ideas of what weapons would be used in the upcoming conflict.
Since battles would be fought on land, in the sea and up in the air, there were many ideas about what new technologies would emerge and be used in the fight to dominate other nations.
Scientific American published these images originally in 1913 and again last week.
We have compiled these images into a PDF ready for your classroom use.

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1968 Chicago riots film clip

The 1968 Democratic National Convention of the U.S. Democratic Party was held at the International Amphitheatre in Chicago, Illinois, from August 26 to August 29, 1968. Because President Lyndon B. Johnson had announced he would not seek reelection, the purpose of the convention was to select a new presidential nominee to run as the Democratic Party’s candidate for the office.[1] The keynote speaker was Senator Daniel Inouye (D-Hawaii).[2]

Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey and Senator Edmund S. Muskie of Maine, were nominated for President and Vice President, respectively.

The convention was held during a year of violence, political turbulence, and civil unrest, particularly riots in more than 100 cities[3] following the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. on April 4.[4] The convention also followed the assassination of Democratic presidential hopeful Senator Robert F. Kennedy of New York, who had been murdered on June 5.[5] Both Kennedy and Senator Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota had been running against the eventual Democratic presidential nominee, Vice President Hubert Humphrey.

Chicago’s mayor, Richard J. Daley, intended to showcase his and the city’s achievements to national Democrats and the news media. Instead, the proceedings became notorious for the large number of demonstrators and the use of force by the Chicago police during what was supposed to be, in the words of the Yippie activist organizers, “A Festival of Life.”[4] Rioting took place between demonstrators and the Chicago Police Department, who were assisted by the Illinois National Guard. The disturbances were well publicized by the mass media, with some journalists and reporters being caught up in the violence. Network newsmen Mike Wallace and Dan Rather were both roughed up by the Chicago police while inside the halls of the Democratic Convention.[6]

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Published in: Uncategorized on July 16, 2013 at 9:31 am  Leave a Comment  

Civil War Newspaper activity

Minolta DSCTo honor the 150th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg we are providing a lesson on using Civil War Era newspapers. Newspapers and weekly magazines or journals were the main method people stayed informed in the Civil war era.

Civil War Newspaper Activity

Overview: In this activity, students first review typical newspapers from the Civil War era from online resources. After the review, students will work in groups to create newspaper “front pages” where they will interpret the event as the lead story, as well as other relevant information.

Method: Begin the lesson by discussing the impact of newspaper page layout, headlines, etc. on relating the story to the public. If the teacher has access to actual front pages from historic events, such as the Kennedy assassination, moon landing, Nixon resignation, or September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, they may wish to display those so students can view how newspapers conveyed that news.

Next, ask students (either individually or in groups) to review newspaper archives of the Civil War era. Some examples of online archives include:

The “Valley of the Shadow” Civil War Newspaper Archive (http://www.vcdh.virginia.edu/xml_docs/valley_news/html/opening.html)

Harpers’ Weekly Civil War Newspaper Archive (http://www.vcdh.virginia.edu/xml_docs/valley_news/html/opening.html)

United States Civil War Center Journalism links

If the teacher has alternative sources or bound copies of newspaper reproductions, they may elect to substitute those instead of the examples listed here.

After students have had sufficient time to view representative newspapers and stories of Civil War events, have the students construct hypothetical front pages of fictitious newspapers. These newspapers should be representative of the “typical” newspaper of that era. The “lead” story of the paper should be an event, battle, or campaign described in the presentation, but other information should be included as well, gathered from student research of Civil War era newspapers and stories, as well as other research about the date(s) they have selected.

Events and information students may wish to include in their “front pages”:

 Other news events of that date/period
 Advertisements and products for sale
 Sports (if any)
 Weather reports/forecast
 Pictures/engravings of persons or events
 Any other information the students/teacher feels appropriate

Once the information is gathered, students can use poster board for the pages. (The teacher may desire to have students provide a “dummy sheet” layout of the page prior to page construction for a preliminary evaluation.) Dependent on the time allotted for the activity, the teacher may also wish for students to “typeset” stories in word processing software, then pasting the printed output onto the poster board. Students may either print pictures or engravings for the stories from existing web sites, scan them from books, or if students are artistically inclined, may wish to draw pictures of the event or persons involved.

As an alternative assignment, if publishing software (such as Microsoft Publisher) is available, the teacher may elect to have students develop their front pages through the software rather than poster board. These can be printed, or made in to web pages.

Assessment: The teacher will want to evaluate the finished product according to his/her own criteria and grading scale. However, some suggested criteria for evaluation include:

• Historic accuracy
• Neatness
• Spelling and grammar
• Artistic merit (particularly if students draw their own illustrations or pictures)

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1. Causes of the Civil War
2. The Civil War
3. Reconstruction

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Published in: Uncategorized on July 15, 2013 at 4:27 pm  Comments (2)  

The Ellis Island tourists don’t get to see: Inside the infectious disease wards, morgue and giant furnace where the dreams of thousands of immigrants hoping for a new life in America came to a terrible end

article-2362465-1ACAC7F7000005DC-780_634x357The 22-building hospital was one of the largest public health institutions in the U.S, according to the New York Times. In 1914, its staff treated 10,000 people from 75 countries.
After it closed in 1954 the 750-bed hospital and morgue were left abandoned. They have remained out of bounds to the more than three million tourists who flock to the island each year.

Vilseskogen, the New Jersey photographer who took the photos in 2008, said: ‘We walked through old mental wards, infectious disease wards, saw the morgue, and the giant furnace room. It was an amazing experience and you could really feel the history alive, right here and now.’

We have included several pictures for your use. To find them look at the bottom of the page under “Historic Photos”.

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*Immigration and Urbanization:
*Progressive Era

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Covers the three waves of immigration to the United States from Europe. Student teams choose one of seven ports to place their immigrant-laden ships, learning about patterns of immigration to the U.S.