Sam Houston’s Presidential Inaugural Speech, Republic of Texas, 1836

The Republic of Texas lasted just under a decade from 1836-1845.

This speech was given just after the victory by Houston’s troops in the battle at San Jacinto.

Tensions were still high and the future of the newly independent nation was uncertain.

We have included a copy of the speech as well as questions and answers for students.

For more on this era check out our US History PowerPoints Expansion and Reform: 1829-1860 and Causes of the Civil War; as well as classroom simulation games American Economy 1823-1860, Famous Inventors Game, and  Famous Presidents Game, Part 1: Washington to Garfield.

Churchill speech, “Owed to so few” 1940

Churchill was a great orator who could evoke powerful images and memorable quotes.

His 1940 speech to the House of Commons is no exception.

Deep in the Battle of Britain, Churchill wanted to give hope to British citizens that victory was possible.

We have included a copy of an excerpt from the speech as well as questions and answers.

Here is a link to the audio of the speech.

For more on this era check out our PowerPoints:

US History – Causes of WWII, World War II

World History – Europe Between the Wars, World War II

Simulation Games:

President Kennedy’s Ich bin ein Berliner speech, 1963

This quintessential Cold War speech was given in June of 1963 in West Berlin.

We have included a transcript of the speech as well as questions and answers.

For more on this time period check out sample slides of our US History PowerPoints:

and some simulation games:

Gulf of Tonkin Incident, 1964

Few American troops had been sent to Vietnam prior to the Gulf of Tonkin Incident.

The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution had far reaching consequences, not only in Vietnam but for the executive branch since it allowed the president to send troops into combat without an official war declaration.

President Johnson addressed the Congress and we have included a copy of his speech along with questions and answers.

For more on this era please see our US History PowerPoints: Vietnam, Cold War Part I and II; and our World History Modern Era 1945-1970and 1970-2009.

President Lincoln’s Second Inaugural speech

President Lincoln’s wartime second inaugural address is considered one of the most important speeches in US history. It speaks for itself!

We have included a transcript of the speech as well as questions and answers for students.

For more on this time period check out our PowerPoints: Causes of the Civil War, The Civil War, and Reconstruction.

President Washington’s Farewell Address, 1796

farewell addressPresident George Washington did not seek a third term, which set a precedent followed by presidents well into the 20th century.

In his farewell speech, he addressed the course the new nation ought to pursue in the future, especially regarding foreign relations.

It was published initially in 1796 in David Claypoole’s American Daily Advertiser and was republished for many years in newspapers and as a pamphlet and read by many Americans.

We have included a transcript of the speech as well as questions and answers.

For more information on this topic see our PowerPoint – The New Nation: Washington to John Quincy Adams.

President Jackson on Indian Removal

Andrew_Jackson

The Indian Removal Act, passed by Congress in May of 1830, was meant to open up lands to white settlement.

President Andrew Jackson believed that this would allow progress and civilization to prosper in these areas and perhaps even save the Indians themselves.

We have included his December 1830 address to Congress in which he justified the policy.

Here is a copy of the transcript of the speech as well as questions and answers for students.

indian removal mapCheck out our Expansion and Reform: 1829-1860 PowerPoint.

Marshall Plan for postwar Europe

marshall collageEuropean nations were swept up in war for almost 10 years during World War II. After it was all over they needed some serious help to pull it all back together.

That’s when the US stepped in and became the most powerful country in the world.

George C. Marshall, US Secretary of State, laid out the immediate plan for post-war Europe in a Harvard speech, 1947.

In what amounts to 2 pages that changed the world, we have included a transcript of the speech as well as questions and answers for the document.

Fireside chats

One of his first fireside chats, this 1933 video outlines the relief programs FDR was designing to rescue the US from economic crisis.

This 1938 fireside chat discusses the effects of the Great Depression in Europe and the loss of democracy as a means of motivating Americans to stay strong.

Kennedy elected in 1960

This Universal newsreel shows the 1960 presidential election between Kennedy and Nixon. It shows voting by Eisenhower, Nixon, and JFK as well as Nixon’s concession speech.

The election was decided by less than 300,000 votes and remains a controversial outcome.

If you are looking for more information on the 1960s check out our PowerPoint.